Should waste be chopped or shredded?

Wednesday, 16 July 2014  |  HOTBIN Composting

Should waste be chopped or shredded before composting?

Chopping Waste Increases the Speed of Breakdown

 

It is not essential but as a best practice halving, quartering and chopping bigger waste items helps decrease the time taken for waste to compost and ensure a more consistent finer texture in the end compost you achieve.

Chopped Waste in the HotbinWhy Should You Chop / Shred Waste?

  1. Greater Surface Area - When you chop up your waste you increase the surface area. Bacteria eat at the surface – the more surface to attack the faster the rate of decay. Although the maths does vary, one can approximate each cut to doubling the surface area – and doubling the speed.
  2. Breaks Through Protective Layers - Chopping cuts through the outer protect layers such as barks, shells, peels and skins. These layers are designed to be more resistant to bacterial attack. If we cut through them, bacteria can attack the easier to digest fleshier material inside. This tends to generate heat faster and the higher temperature increases the rate of decay further.
  3. Finer Compost – Chopping/Shredding helps to ensure a finer and more consistent texture in the final product.

Tools and Techniques


Tool
 

Positives

Negatives

Knife / scissors/ 

Ideal for kitchen waste Cheap and Easy

Takes a little longer than just adding whole items, however the benefits are worthwhile

Secateurs

Ideal for thin woody items like dead flowers and prunnings.

Not suited to thicker items - however try not to add anything thicker than finger width

Shredder
(not essential)

Good for high volume.

They can be expensive and take up storage room.
 

Hedge Trimmer

Pile up hedge trimming and then cross cut pile.
 

Little time needed to reduce a big pile of branches to a small pile of leaves and chippings.

Rotary Lawn Mower

Great for autumn leaves.
Can shred and collect at same time.

Works for other non-woody garden waste.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Things to Chop!

  • Chop hard/woody waste as much as you can 
  • Broccoli stalks and whole items - half or quarter so bacteria can get to softer inside.
  • Rose stems (small diameter, less than 0.5 cm) ideally chop into short sections.
  • Bones – e.g. chop chicken bones in half so bacteria can get inside.
  • Woody stalks (less than 1 cm diameter), chop 4cm lengths if possible.
  • Woody stems (greater than 1 cm diameter) – pass through a shredder.
  • Tree branches – if composting need to be shredded (also makes great bulking agent).

If you are still unsure on the size you need to chop your waste too you can also check out our YouTube video here for further clarification.